Egyptian Carnelian Pendants and Ancient Carnelian, Lapis, and Turquoise Beads with Gold
Carnelian, Lapis Lazuli, Turquoise, 20k gold
The necklace is 21 ½ inches (54.6 cm) in length. The necklace weighs 21 gm.
A necklace of carnelian, turquoise and lapis lazuli beads with fourteen poppy seed pod pendants and a carnelian heart amulet pendant. The necklace is accented with seventy-two granulated 20k gold ring beads. There are twenty-two carnelian barrel beads alternating with the carnelian amulet beads. These barrel shaped beads are 1.05 cm in length and 3.5 cm in width. The drill hole diameters are 2mm. The last two pairs at the back of the necklace decrease in size: the first pair are 8mm in length and the smallest pair are 6.5mm in length. The necklace terminates with a very much smaller pair of beads that are just 3.5mm in length. Each of the carnelian beads in the necklace are faced with a turquoise disc bead. The seventy-two turquoise discs are 3mm in width and 2mm in length. A lapis lazuli bead faced with two granulated gold beads separates the pairs of turquoise disc beads. The thirty-six lapis beads are similar in size to the turquoise disc beads. At the center of the necklace is a carnelian heart amulet. It is 1.65 cm in height, 1 cm in width at the widest point and 4.5 mm in thickness. The drill hole diameter is 1.5mm. The carnelian poppy seed pod amulets are 1.5 cm in height, 6mm in width and have drill hole diameters of 1.75mm. The amulets graduate slightly in size towards the back of the necklace with the smallest being 1.3mm in height and 5.5mm in width. Early forms of jewelry (by that I mean anything used to adorn the human body) in ancient Egypt used perishable items such as flowers, the hollowed out bodies of scarab beetles as well as shells, and rendering these forms in more permanent materials soon occurred. These poppy seed pod pendants are an excellent example and show the precision and consistency of their lapidary work. The carnelian is well chosen for its color and the forms are crisp and highly polished. The drill holes pass straight through the stems and are not drilled from each side to meet in the middle (as is the case in the Near East and Indian subcontinent). The amulets are said to date from the 18th dynasty, 1400 B.C.