Ancient Carnelian Bow Beads with Complex Gold Spacers
Carnelian, Agate, Quartz, 20k gold
The necklace is 21 1/8 inches (53.6 cm) in length. The necklace weighs 17.8 gm.
A necklace of twenty-one carnelian “bow” beads and twenty-two small agate, carnelian and quartz, barrel beads alternating with 42 small collared gold round beads. Gold beading tips and a hook and eye clasp complete the necklace. The bow beads graduate in size: Center bead, length 1.38 cm, width at center 5.9 mm, width at ends 3.5 mm, hole diameter 1.8 mm. Typical size, length 1 cm, width at center 5.5 mm, width at ends 3 mm, hole diameter 1.5 mm. Smallest, length 8mm, width at center 4.5 mm, width at ends 3 mm, hole diameter 1.5 mm. The small agate barrel beads are 3.8 mm in length and 3 mm in diameter. The drill hole diameters are around 1mm – 1.25 mm. Some of the beads show whitening due to exposure to alkaline soil. The collared gold beads are 4.4 mm in length and have diameters of 4 mm. There is a border of small grains surrounding the hole which form the collars. The beading tips are open ended cylinders, the closed end with a hole for the string to pass through. The knotted ends are hidden in the cylinders. A stirrup of flattened wire attaches to the sides of the cylinders providing a loop for the attachment of the hook and eye clasp. The gold is 20k and has been patinated.